Chinese Water Deer

Chinese Water Deer

Hydropotes inermis inermis

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cetartiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Hydropotinae
Genus: Hydropotes
Swinhoe, 1870 Species: H. inermis


There are a number of research papers on Chinese Water Deer. The Chinese Water Deer Foundation hope to publish not only our own papers here, but those of academics from all parts of the globe. Spreading knowledge is key to the survival of the species.

For Reference:

Pitra, C., Fickel, J, Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. (2004) Evolution and phylogeny of old world
deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33, 880-895.

Randi, E., Mucci, N., Pierpaoli, M. and Douzery, E. (1988) New phylogenetic perspectives on the cervidae (Artiodactyla) are provided by the mitichondrial cytochrome b gene.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B,  265 793  801

International Status:

Harris, R.B. and Duckworth, J.W. (2008) Hydroptes inermis.
IUCN Red list of Threatened Species


Sheng, H. and Lu, H. (1985) A preliminary study of the Chinese river deer population of Zhousan Island and adjacent islets. In: T. Kawamichi (ed.) Contemporary Mammalogy in China and Japan, Mammalogical Society of Japan.

Sheng, H. (1992) Chinese water deer Hydropotes inermis. In H. Sheng (ed). The Deer In China; East China Normal University, Shanghai

Zhang, E., Teng, L. and Wu, Y. (2006) Habitat selection of the Chinese Water deer (Hydropotes inermis) in Yancheng Province. Acta Theriologica Senica 16, 49-53.

UK populations:

Cooke, A.S. and Farrell, L. (1998) Chinese Water Deer. The Mammal Society and the British Deer Society.

Cooke, A.S. and Farrell, L. (2000) A long-term study of a population of Chinese water deer.
Deer, 11, 232-237

Cooke, A.S. and Farrell, L. (2008) Chinese Water Deer,  In S. Harris and D.W. Yalden (eds.) Mammals of the British Isles: Handbook; 4th edition. The Mammal Society, pp 617-622.

Cooke, A.S. (2009) Chinese water deer in farmland. Deer 15 (2) 14-17.